Direct object Pronouns

Know when to use a French Direct object Pronoun

 

 

(me, you, him, her, it, us, them) It replaces nouns and can be used to avoid repetitions.

 

J’aime ton livre. Je veux ton livre. I like your book. I want your book.

J’aime ton livre. Je le veux. I like your book. I want it.

 

 

Word order

 

In French, the direct object pronoun is placed before the verb.

Je le prends.

I take it.

 

Elle me surprend toujours.

She always surprises me.

 

Ils nous écoutent.

He listens to us.

 

 

Let’s take a closer look…

 

me: me (this one is easy to remember!)

Il me parle.

He talks to me.

 

te: you (informal, singular)

Elle te voit.

She sees you.

 

le: him or it

Elle le mange.

She eats it.

Ils le voient tous les samedis.

They see him every Saturday.

 

la: her or it

Je la comprends.

I understand her.

 

nous: us

Ils nous attendent.

The are waiting for us.

 

vous: you (formal singular, informal plural)

Elles vous croient.

They believe you.

 

les: them

Je les mets dans la cuisine.

I put them in the kitchen.

 

 

Before a vowel

 

In French, it is rare to have 2 vowels following each other. If the last letter of the direct object pronoun is a vowel, replace the last vowel with an apostrophe.

 

Je l’aime. I love him.

On l’écoute. We listen to her.  

 

 

More examples…

 

Elle nous questionne.

She asks us questions.

 

Nous te comprenons.

We understand you.

 

Tu l’envies.

You envy her.

 

Vous l’achetez.

You buy it.

 

Ils vous aiment.

They like you.

 

 

In a nutshell…

English French in front of a vowel
me me m’
you

(singular)

te t’
him/it le l’
her/it la l’
us nous nous
you

(formal, plural)

vous vous
them les les